JCSCW Vol. 03 (1994)

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  • Journal Article
    SimLanguage
    (Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW): Vol. 3, No. 1, 1994) King, John Leslie
  • Journal Article
    A comment on Lucy Suchman's “do categories have politics?”
    (Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW): Vol. 3, No. 1, 1995) Randall, D. W.
  • Journal Article
    Radicalism, beliefs and hidden agendas
    (Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW): Vol. 3, No. 1, 1994) Harper, R. H. R.
  • Journal Article
    Identification and use of guidelines for the design of computer supported collaborative writing tools
    (Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW): Vol. 3, No. 3-4, 1995) Jones, Steve
    As groupware and workflow technologies become widely accepted, it is important to identify and clarify best practice at all stages of the development of those systems. One approach to the promulgation of best practice is to develop clear and effective guidelines for application in system development. This paper is primarily concerned with the identification of guidelines to drive the design and implementation of one class of groupware — collaborative writing systems. In particular, consideration is given to guidelines for systems which support groups of distributed collaborating authors working asynchronously. Three relevant areas are investigated. First, social and integration issues of generic groupware are presented. Second, the design of existing collaborative writing tools is addressed. Third, models of both individual writers and collaborative writing tasks are discussed. Guidelines are drawn from each area. The guidelines have been adopted in the design of MILO, a collaborative writing system. MILO is briefly described and the way in which the guidelines have been implemented in MILO is reviewed. In conclusion, insights gained from informal observations of MILO in use for both single and multiple author tasks are presented.
  • Journal Article
    Collaborative writing in multiple discourse contexts
    (Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW): Vol. 3, No. 3-4, 1994) Gruber, Sibylle; Peyton, Joy Kreeft; Bruce, Bertram C.
    Research in computer-supported writing has traditionally compared electronic communication with oral, face-to-face communication to identify the benefits and weaknesses of each, as if they entailed dichotomous choices. In this article, we challenge that view and argue instead that any form of communication and its educational usefulness is shaped by the situation in which it is used, the backgrounds and goals of the participants, the institutional and technological setup, and the intended purpose of the medium. Three modes of communication in one graduate course are examined — oral discussion, synchronous written discussion on a local area network, and asynchronous written postings on an email list set up for the class. It was found that patterns of participation, topic introduction, and topic development differed across the three communication modes, but that the three were interwoven with each other and embedded within the larger classroom context and forms of knowledge creation in the class. Thus, rather than examining different communication media separately, researchers interested in understanding computer-supported collaborative writing need to look at how different media are used to create a “meta-medium,” which is established by the discourse community involved.
  • Journal Article
    Collaborative document annotation using electronic mail
    (Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW): Vol. 3, No. 3-4, 1995) Diaper, Dan; Beer, Martin
    The primary purpose of this paper is to describe an approach to software development, the small scale approach, that is particularly appropriate for groupware that has a target user population that is truly global. Many of the reasons why the small scale approach is appropriate are described. To support the paper's primary purpose, the domain of document annotation in collaborative writing is used to illustrate the requirements of such global groupware. A simulation shows how the proposed software might be used by individuals and how annotations might be automatically combined. The requirements analysis from this leads to a high level program design which is implemented, for illustration, as a PERL program.
  • Journal Article
    What's wrong with speech-act theory
    (Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW): Vol. 3, No. 1, 1994) Button, Graham
  • Journal Article
    Commentary on Suchman article and Winograd response
    (Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW): Vol. 3, No. 1, 1995) Malone, Thomas W.
  • Journal Article
    Can speech acts walk the talk?
    (Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW): Vol. 3, No. 1, 1994) Curtis, Bill
  • Journal Article
    On making explicit
    (Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW): Vol. 3, No. 1, 1994) Lynch, Michael